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What Are Green Peas?

The fresh, spherical green pea, often referred to as the garden pea, is a member of the legume family, along with other plants including beans and lentils. You might be curious as to what makes fresh green peas different from the dried version found on store shelves for dishes like split pea soup. The same plant produces many types such as green peas, yellow peas, snap peas, and snow peas.

When it comes to peas, it’s wise to keep in mind that while most dried peas can be eaten fresh, not all dried peas can be dehydrated and used as a dry commodity. Green garden peas are immature pea pods that have had their seeds removed from them when they are at their ripest, which in the Northern Hemisphere is in the spring. The freshly harvested peas can then be consumed right away, either raw or cooked, or they can be steamed and frozen for later use. On the other hand, dried peas are gathered, shelled, and then dried. Prior to eating, they must be cooked, typically by rehydrating and boiling in a hot liquid.

You can have pea pods raw, similar to sugar snaps, for very young and fresh peas, but as peas age, their outer pods become fibrous and rough, making them less palatable as a snack. Green peas can be preserved for up to a year by freezing them, as opposed to a week or two in the fridge. Dried peas have a far longer shelf life than fresh ones. Additionally, it’s a really inexpensive way to always have food that is high in nutrients.

Fresh Peas Are Exceptionally Healthy

These tiny green nubs are a nutrient powerhouse considering their size. Green peas include 62 calories per half-cup portion (or 170 grams), 70% of which come from carbohydrates, and a wealth of vitamins, minerals, and macronutrients, according to Amy Shapiro, MS, RD, CDN, and founder of Real Nutrition. So certainly, green peas are quite healthy. Continue reading to find out how to start eating more of these wonderful legumes and how fresh green peas can improve your health.

The Health Benefits of Peas

Rich in fiber

Green peas contain 4 grams of fiber per half-cup serving, putting you well on your way to consuming the 21 to 26 grams of fiber per day suggested for women. Shapiro claims that the largely insoluble fiber in peas will aid with satiety, appetite control, and improved digestion.

Fiber can also help to bulk up stool, which helps to normalize bowel motions and makes them easier to pass, but Shapiro points out that this could have the reverse effect for certain people. To avoid constipation when consuming high-fiber foods, Shapiro advises increasing your water consumption.

Improves the Heart

It has been demonstrated that eating a diet high in fiber will reduce your risk of getting heart disease, and as previously noted, peas are an excellent method to add more fiber to your diet. The benefits for the heart are provided by them in addition to their fiber content. According to Shapiro, peas are a wonderful source of minerals that are helpful for the heart, including calcium, magnesium, and potassium.

While calcium from food sources (such as peas) rather than supplements have been demonstrated to minimize the risk of developing heart disease, potassium is crucial for decreasing blood pressure. Peas are nature’s ideally crafted food to support your ticker since they contain all three of the minerals that the heart needs: magnesium, calcium, and potassium.

Support the immune system

Many people place high importance on boosting their immune systems, particularly during the winter when the incidence of colds, the flu, and other viruses tend to rise. The good news is that a nutrient-dense diet rich in vitamins and minerals makes it simple to improve your immunity all year long. Peas include a good quantity of vitamin E, zinc, antioxidants, and 13% of the daily recommended amount of vitamin C, which is all you need to support your immune system and help your body fight off infections.

Protects the Eyes

Peas can greatly benefit your eye health, while carrots typically receive all the credit for improving vision. According to Shapiro, one serving of green peas has 24% of the daily recommended intake of vitamin A, the vitamin most commonly associated with maintaining vision and avoiding macular degeneration.

Controls blood sugar

According to Shapiro, “Peas have a relatively low glycemic index (GI), which can aid with blood glucose management. The GI index gauges how quickly and significantly your blood sugar levels increase following a meal. Peas’ fiber and protein can also help you feel fuller between meals, which means fewer between-meal snacks and a reduction in the blood sugar swings that can make you feel lethargic and irritable.

While peas may include some protein and may aid in satiety, it’s critical to keep in mind that they do not constitute a full protein supply. Pairing green peas with another type of protein will help you get the critical amino acids you need in your diet, according to Shapiro.


The information provided at this site is only meant for educational purposes and is not meant to replace medical care from a qualified health care provider. The reader should speak with their doctor to assess whether the information is suitable for their condition due to individual needs that are specific to them.



One thought on “Incredible Benefits of Green Peas

  1. Itís difficult to find knowledgeable people on this topic, however, you seem like you know what youíre talking about! Thanks

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